As human beings, we face dilemmas on a day-to-day basis. From smartphones like iPhone and Samsung to soft drinks like Pepsi vs Coca. It can be difficult to know which one is best for you. It goes without saying that these products are different in one way or another.
The same can be said for Java vs. Python, but without rivalry.Unless you’ve been living in a cave, you know that Java and Python are two of the most popular programming languages we have today. Therefore, it is common to see how programmers prefer one programming language over the other.
However, if you want to choose one programming language over the other, you need to know how they compare in terms of their ideal uses, applications, similarities and differences. This article will guide you through an easy beginner comparison between Java and Python so you can know which programming language to choose.
The main difference between Java vs Python is that Python is typed dynamically while Java is statically typed. Python uses dynamic typing that allows users to change the type of variable. This makes the Python language easy to write, read , but more complex to analyze. This explains why novice programmers find it easier to learn Python faster than other programming languages such as Java. With dynamic typing, novice programmers can use their variables as they wish without worrying too much about their types.
Java, on the other hand, uses static typing in which a user is forced to choose a type of variable that can not be changed later in the programming language. Many developers say that static writing minimizes the possibility that errors are not detected, which can affect your program. If you do not have to declare a variable before using it, there is a risk that you could misspell the name of a variable without knowing it, thus creating a totally different variable.
When it comes to portability, both Java and Python are very portable. However, the popularity of Java makes it a clear winner since it is possible to use it for desktop programs and web applications. In addition, Java Virtual Machine is available almost everywhere, so you can be sure that your program will be used by almost all users. Java is faster than Python because the latter is interpreted, which makes it slower than its counterpart.Therefore, if speed is not a big problem, you may want to use Python.
Java uses traditional keys to define the start and end of each class definition and function. That means that you must define blocks using a semicolon, otherwise the code will not work. Python is different from Java and other programming languages in that it uses a new way of separating a code into blocks. This is known as indentation.The good thing about this is that programmers are forced to establish their programs to improve readability.Therefore, it is not possible for an error to occur due to the lack of keys.
Both Python and Java are very useful in web and application development . Interactive websites can use Java to emphasize power and broad compatibility. While Python can be used thanks to its easy-to-learn syntax and powerful scripting functions. Therefore, Java and Python can be used in the creation of web applications. In addition, Python and Java can be used for independent programs. Java can be used to create games like Minecraft and independent programs like OpenOffice.
On the other hand, Python is not commonly used for independent programs, although it was used to create the first BitTorrent. However, Python is now dominating the world of AI, data science and other cutting-edge technologies that make it one of the highly demanding programming languages.
Most programmers swear that they can not use any other programming language other than Python. On the other hand, you will never miss people who still use Java. So, the million-dollar question is what programming language is better than the other? If you go through several surveys and online communities, you will see that Python is the winner. Most people believe that Python is easier to learn compared to Java. Also, the Python code is easier to understand and read than Java.
However, the popularity of Java means that you must learn Java in order to create applications, which can be run on different platforms such as Android. The powerful Java virtual machine explains why Java is still used to create large applications used by most companies today. Java is also better than Python thanks to its access to the database. The connectivity of the Java database is more robust than the Python data access layers, hence the reason why Java is preferred in companies with a critical database.